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Activity Discussion Environment Which are 5 major crops of India? Explain. Reply To: Which are 5 major crops of India? Explain.

  • 1957 saurav

    May 8, 2021 at 1:58 pm
    Not Helpful

    As we know that India is a very vast country. Two-thirds of India’s population is engaged in agricultural activities. It is a primary activity, which produces food grains and raw materials for industries. India is geographically a vast country so it has various food and non-food crops which are cultivated in three main cropping seasons which are rabi, kharif and zaid.

    Some Major crops are:-

    Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses.

    ● Rice:-

    •Temperature: Between 22-32°C with high humidity.

    • Rainfall: Around 150-300 cm.

    • Soil Type: Deep clayey and loamy soil.

    • Top Rice Producing States: West Bengal > Punjab > Uttar Pradesh > Andhra Pradesh > Bihar.
    ◇ India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.

    ● wheat :-

    • Temperature: Between 10-15°C (Sowing time) and 21-26°C (Ripening & Harvesting) with bright sunlight.

    • Rainfall: Around 75-100 cm.

    • Soil Type: Well-drained fertile loamy and clayey loamy (Ganga-Satluj plains and black soil region of the Deccan)

    ▪︎ Top Wheat Producing States: Uttar Pradesh > Punjab > Madhya Pradesh > Haryana > Rajasthan.

    ◇India is the second largest producer after China

    ● Millets: –

    • Temperature: Between 27-32°C

    • Rainfall: Around 50-100 cm.

    • Soil Type: Can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil because they are less sensitive to soil deficiencies.

    • Jowar- Rain-fed crop grown in the moist areas with less or no irrigation.

    • Bajra- Sandy soils and shallow black soil.

    • Ragi- Red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. (dry regions)

    • Top Millets Producing States: Rajasthan > Karnataka > Maharashtra > Madhya Pradesh > Uttar Pradesh

    ● Maize:-

    • Temperature: Between 21-27°C

    • Rainfall: High rainfall.

    • Soil Type: Old alluvial soil.

    • Top Maize Producing States: Karnataka > Maharashtra > Madhya Pradesh > Tamil Nadu > Telangana

    ◇ India is the seventh largest producer worldwide.

    ● pulses :-

    • Temperature: Between 20-27°C

    • Rainfall: Around 25-60 cm.

    • Soil Type: Sandy-loamy soil.

    • Top Pulses Producing States: Madhya Pradesh > Rajasthan > Maharashtra > Uttar Pradesh > Karnataka.

    • India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of pulses in the world.

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