MemberMay 12, 2021 at 12:12 pm::
Fundamental Rights The Fundamental Rights is defined as the basic human rights of all citizens. These rights, defined in Part III of the Constitution, apply irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed, or gender. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions. There are six fundamental rights recognized by the Indian constitution :
1. Right to equality (Article 14-18)
(a)Equality before law and equal protection of law (Article 14). (b) Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex of place of birth (Article 15). (c)Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16). (d) Abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice (Article 17). (e)Abolition of titles except military and academic (Article 18).
2. Right to freedom (Article 19-22)
(a)Protection of six rights regarding freedom of: (i) speech and expression, (ii) assembly, (iii) association, (iv) movement, (v) residence, and (vi) profession (Article 19). (b)Protection in respect of conviction for offences (Article 20). (c)Protection of life and personal liberty (Article 21). (d) Right to elementary education (Article 21A). (e)Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (Article 22).
3.Right against exploitation (Articles 23-24)
(a) Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour (Article 23). (b)Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc. (Article 24).
4.Right to freedom of religion (Article 25-28)
(a)Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (Article 25). (b)Freedom to manage religious affairs (Article 26). (c)Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion (Article 27). (d)Freedom from attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions (Article 28).
5. Cultural and educational rights (Article 29-30)
(a)Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (Article 29). (b)Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 30).
6.Right to constitutional remedies (Article 32)
(a)Right to move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights including the writs of (i) Habeas Corpus , (ii) Mandamus, (iii) Prohibition, (iv) Certiorari, and (v) quo warranto