MemberMay 20, 2021 at 5:10 pm::
The term acid springs from a Latin word ‘acidus’ or ‘acere’, which implies bitter. the foremost common characteristic is their bitter style. Associate in Nursing acid may be a substance that renders particleizable hydronium ion (H3O+) in its solution. It turns blue paper red.
Based on their prevalence, they’re divided into 2 types- Natural and mineral acids.
Natural Acids: These area unit obtained from natural sources, like fruits and animal merchandise. For e.g. lactic, citric, and hydroxy acid etc.
Mineral Acids: Mineral acids area unit acids ready from minerals. as an example, acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and aqua fortis (HNO3) etc.
The most common characteristic of bases is their bitter style and cleanser feel. A base may be a substance that renders group ion(OH–) in their solution. Bases flip the color of red paper to blue.
Salt is Associate in Nursing ionic compound that results from the reaction of acids and bases. Salts area unit set up of charged ions, referred to as cations and charged ions, referred to as anions, which might either be organic or inorganic in nature. These ions area unit gift in an exceedingly relative quantity, so rendering the character of the salt neutral.