Activity › Discussion › Environment › What is water pollution? › Reply To: What is water pollution?
MahimaMemberMay 24, 2021 at 12:11 am::
Any material that harms the atmosphere or the species that exist in that environment is referred to as “pollution” and the harmful material is known as a pollutant. Pollutants create havoc on the environment, including the air, water, and soil.
MAJOR TYPES OF POLLUTION:
1) Air pollution
2) Water pollution
3) Noise pollution
4) Land pollution
5) Soil pollution
6) Plastic pollution
7) Thermal pollution and the list goes on.
Water pollution- The most threatening environmental problem is water pollution. Industrial waste and sewage water is not treated properly before discharging into water bodies. Agricultural activities making use of fertilizers and pesticides are carried to the groundwater by rainwater. Solid waste is also dumped directly into the water bodies.
THE MAIN SOURCES OF WATER POLLUTION ARE:
a. Industrial waste
b. Untreated sewage
c. Pesticides and herbicides
d. Oil spills
how water pollution is harmful to human health:
What are the effects of water contamination on humans? Drinking untreated water today can cause the body to respond automatically. At the very least, you’ll have a stomach ache. A year, 3,575,000 people die as a result of water-borne diseases!
Contaminated water has the potential to transmit infectious diseases. Typhoid, Cholera, Paratyphoid Fever, Dysentery, Jaundice, Amoebiasis, and Malaria are some of the water-borne illnesses.
Chemicals in the water can also be harmful to our bodies.
Pesticides – the carbonates and organophosphates in pesticides can damage the nervous system and cause cancer. Chlorides can damage the reproductive system and the endocrine system.
Nitrates are particularly harmful to babies who consume formula milk. It causes the “blue infant” syndrome by limiting the amount of oxygen in the brain.
Lead – can build up in the body and do damage to the nervous system.
Arsenic damages the kidneys cause skin cancer and cause vascular diseases.
Fluoride – in large doses, they will turn your teeth yellow and damage your spinal cord.