MemberJune 8, 2023 at 10:35 am::
The major types of soil in India are:
1. Alluvial soil: Found in northern plains and river valleys, it is fertile and suitable for agriculture.
2. Red soil: Common in central and southern India, it is porous and low in fertility but can support crops like cotton and millets.
3. Black soil: Also known as black cotton soil, it is found in the Deccan Plateau and is highly fertile, suitable for crops like cotton and cereals.
4. Laterite soil: Found in hilly regions, it is acidic, lacks fertility, and is used for crops like tea and cashew nuts.
5. Arid and desert soil: Found in arid regions like Rajasthan and Gujarat, it is sandy and saline, making agriculture challenging.
6. Mountain and forest soils: Found in hilly regions like the Himalayas, they are shallow, coarse, and suitable for crops like tea and spices.