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Activity Discussion History The Mughal Empire Reply To: The Mughal Empire

  • Aiswarya

    June 21, 2023 at 11:11 pm
    Not Helpful

    Ibrahim Lodi was the last emperor of the Delhi Sultanate. There were five different dynasties which came under Delhi Sultanate. Those are

    Mamluk dynasty(1206-1290)

    Khalji dynasty(1290-1320)

    Tughluq dynasty(1320-1413)

    Sayyid dynasty(1414-1450)

    Lodi dynasty(1451-1526)

    Ibrahim Lodi belonged to the Lodi dynasty. He succeeded his father Sikandar Lodi to the throne but was not as skilled a ruler as his father. He faced multiple rebellions and it was one of the major causes of the first battle of Panipat which happened in 1526. Daulat Khan Lodi, the governor of Punjab under the Lodi dynasty send an invitation to Babur, a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, who was already planning to conquer the Punjab since it was under Timur in the past. This initiated the end of the Lodi dynasty and the Delhi Sultanate. Once Babur set foot on Indian soil, he was not ready to go back. The Lodi army tried to send Babur away but in vain which eventually resulted in the burning of Lahor by Babur and his army. Even though he along with Daulat Khan succeeded in besieging Ibrahim Lodi, Babur understood that his chances of winning the war were very narrow. This made Babur use the ‘Ottoman device’ in the battle. This made Babur’s army look narrower than its actual size which led to the miscalculation in Ibrahim Lodi’s army. Babur made use of this opportunity and attacked Ibrahim Lodi with full force. Moreover, Babur had the advantage of having cannon which helped to destruct the army and also to scare the elephants in the Lodi army. At the end of the first battle of Panipat, Ibrahim Lodi was killed and Babur established his empire in India, which was a branch of the Timurid dynasty, called the Mughal Empire.

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