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Activity Discussion History Indian History Reply To: Indian History

  • Aiswarya

    June 21, 2023 at 11:34 pm
    Not Helpful

    Indus Valley civilisation is a bronze-age civilisation, parallel to the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilisation in the chronology, which confirms the existence of life in the Indian subcontinent. The area of civilisation is spread across the current geographical boundaries of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Mohenjodaro is the biggest Indus Valley city found till the date though cities like Harappa, Lothal, Dholavira and Rakhigarhi were prominent at the time of its existence. Mohenjodaro is assumed as the capital of the civilisation due to the presence of structures like the great bath and the presence of valuable materials like faience and carnelian.

    Though it existed from 3300 BC to 1300 BC it had some of the most fascinating technologies which we have ever seen. The most important is the fascinating city planning which we can see in Mohenjodaro with the well-managed drainage system which is found to be connected to the bathrooms of every house, more the house is made in such a fashion that a single drainage could connect every house. Similarly, the city was divided into Cital and the lower town. Citadel was situated at a higher altitude than the lower town but was smaller in size. It is assumed that the citadel was the town centre and the lower town the residential area. Another magnificent structure is the great bath. It is considered a place of ritual significance though its actual use is still unknown to us. The civilisation was also famous for its intricate craft works which have been retrieved from different parts of the excavation sites. Much of the mysteries could be solved once the graphic Indus script, which is written from left to right is deciphered. That will lead to untangling of several mysteries which have been invoking curiosity around the world.

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