MemberJune 23, 2023 at 5:04 pm::
Indus Valley Civilisation, also be known as Harappan Civilisation or Bronze Age Civilisation ,was found in the regions of northerneast of South Asia which is now the areas of Pakistan,Afghanistan and India . It was started around 4700 years ago that is 2600 BCE and ended around 1300 BCE. The Indus Valley Civilisation was named after the river Indus because the cities of the civilisation was first found in the valleys of the Indus. There were many cities identified in the valley but the two grear cities were Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Harappa was the first discovered city of the cilvilisation therefore it is also known as Harappan Civilisation . This Civilisation had characteristics which were moder and systematic such as urban planning , drainage systems, political and social administration , some artefacts such as pots, pottery , jewellery, bronze stone sculptures etc. Now lets talk about the two great cities of the Indus Valley .
Harappa city which is now Pakistan was discovered accidentally. This ancient city was important because the urban planning , architecture and culture and some special features. There were house made of baked brick this shows that people of Harappa had the skills of construction as well as in planning ,there were double – story houses amd the houses were built on the both sides of the road where a wide road was cut . The houses also had a proper drainage system which was connected to the city’s sewage, there were also granaries, public buildings, assembly halls and religious buildings . A sculpture of bronze ,terracotta, stone were found . The people of Harappa knew the farming methods of different crops and also reared sheeps , goats , cattles . Other than Harappa Mohenjodaro was also oldest and greatest city of the Indus Valley Civilisation ,this city was famous for the large swimming pool which archeologists named as The Great Bath was 7 meters wide and 2.4 meters deep with two staircases, the floor was made of standardised bricks fitted tightly on the floor. It is said that the pool was used for some special occasions or for any religious activity . Mohenjodaro had the largest granary and some famous statues were also found such as the dancing girl made of bronze , bearded man , bull and mother goddess and not only these but fine pottery and ornaments were also discovered. There were well planned water supply and wells along with that people of the city had large houses with large flooring. It was earliest and also an advanced city at that time with a population of about thirty thousand to fifty thousand. It is believed that the cities were drowned due to a heavy flood and then buried for a long time until the Britishers came to India to invade.