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Activity Discussion History What were the achievements and contributions of the Gupta Empire? Reply To: What were the achievements and contributions of the Gupta Empire?

  • Banbala

    June 23, 2023 at 9:43 pm
    Not Helpful

    In the history of ancient India, the Gupta era is known as the golden age. Grammar, composition, logic, metaphysics, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy were all covered in the curriculum.

    Stone temples devoted to the many Hindu gods were first built during the Gupta era. Buddhists erected stupas, or sanctuaries, to contain the bones of particular sacred figures.

    The concept of zero and the decimal system based on the number 10 are both Indian inventions, as is the numeric system that is currently used throughout the world.

    Indian astronomers conducted a thorough analysis of solar and lunar eclipses. Famous mathematician-astronomer Aryabhata proposed that the earth is spherical and revolves around its own axis. In addition, he observed that sunlight is reflected by the moon and planets. He made precise calculations on the solar year, as well as the form and motion of astral bodies. Through trade, these scientific concepts expanded around the globe.

    In terms of medical, Gupta doctors created herbal treatments for a variety of diseases and administered smallpox vaccinations. Scientific dissection and anatomy could not be practised because of religious edicts that forbade contact with dead bodies. Nevertheless, Indian doctors were the best in pharmacopoeia, Caesarean sections, setting bones, and skin grafting.

    Numerous plays, fables, and folktales written in Sanskrit may be found in Gupta literature.

    This is the time when chess first appeared. The pieces originally stood for the infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots of the military, before changing into the contemporary pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively.

    The king was at the head of a highly decentralised hierarchical system of the Gupta regime. A Viceroy was selected to manage the administration of the many provinces that made up the entire territory. The communities were governed by a headman and an old council.

    The achievement of the life of the spirit was the primary goal of Gupta philosophy. Moksha, often known as salvation, was a generally accepted concept.

    Weak leaders and several invasions contributed to the Gupta Dynasty’s downfall.

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