MemberJune 23, 2023 at 11:27 pm::
The era of the Great Mughals, commencing in 1526 when Babur became the ruler, concluded with the passing of Aurangzeb in 1707. There are multiple reasons for the downfall of the Mughal Empire.
1.Wars for Power: When Mughal emperors passed away, their sons would fight each other to become the new ruler. This fighting weakened the empire, especially after Aurangzeb.
2. Aurangzeb’s Policies: Aurangzeb, one of the emperors, had strict religious ideas and treated Hindus poorly. He didn’t understand that the Mughal Empire needed the support of all its people to succeed. Constant wars with different groups, like the Sikhs, Marathas, Jats, and Rajputs, used up the empire’s resources and made it weaker economically.
3.Foreign Invasions: The Mughal Empire faced attacks from foreign forces. Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded, taking away a lot of the empire’s wealth, damaging its military power, and disrupting trade and businesses.
4.Weak Leaders: After Aurangzeb, the emperors who followed were not strong leaders. They fell victim to plots by the nobles and were inefficient rulers. The empire also lacked a strong army. In the 18th century, regional powers like Hyderabad, Avadh, and Bengal emerged, further weakening the Mughal Empire.
5. British Arrival: The arrival of the British and other European powers marked the end for the Mughal Empire. These Western powers were stronger militarily, financially, and had a better understanding of Indian conditions.
In summary, the Mughal Empire fell due to various reasons. Wars for power, unwise policies, foreign invasions, weak leaders, and the arrival of the British all contributed to its downfall.
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