MemberDecember 5, 2023 at 2:34 pm::
Climate change is primarily driven by human activities that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, for energy is a major contributor. These activities release carbon dioxide (CO2), a potent greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere. Deforestation, another human-induced factor, reduces the number of trees available to absorb CO2 through photosynthesis.
Methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are other significant greenhouse gases produced by human activities, including agriculture and industrial processes. Livestock digestion, rice cultivation, and manure management contribute to methane emissions, while nitrogen-based fertilizers and certain industrial activities release nitrous oxide.
Human activities also influence climate change through land-use changes. Urbanization, agriculture expansion, and changes in land cover alter the Earth’s surface properties, affecting the planet’s energy balance and contributing to temperature changes.
The consequences of climate change include rising global temperatures, more frequent and severe extreme weather events, sea level rise, and disruptions to ecosystems. It is essential to mitigate these effects by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, transitioning to sustainable energy sources, and implementing policies to promote environmental conservation and sustainable practices. International cooperation is crucial to address the global nature of climate change and work towards a more sustainable future.