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Activity Discussion History Partition of Bengal Reply To: Partition of Bengal

  • Anand

    December 7, 2023 at 6:30 pm
    Not Helpful

    In the early 20th century, during British rule in India, Viceroy Lord Curzon thought it would be a good idea to split the province of Bengal. He believed that dividing it into two parts would make it easier to manage and govern. So, on October 16, 1905, Bengal was officially divided into two separate entities.

    However, this decision didn’t sit well with the people of Bengal. The split seemed to have more to it than just administrative convenience. The new boundaries were drawn in a way that created religious divisions, with the eastern part having a Muslim majority and the western part being predominantly Hindu. This fueled tensions and suspicions among different communities.

    The people of Bengal, both Hindus and Muslims, were unhappy with this division. They saw it as an attempt to sow discord among them. The protests against the partition were widespread and intense. People from all walks of life, including political leaders, intellectuals, and common citizens, voiced their opposition.

    Realizing the magnitude of the opposition, and with the changing political climate, Viceroy Lord Hardinge took a significant step. On December 12, 1911, he announced the annulment of the partition of Bengal. The province was reunified, but to address some of the administrative concerns, the new provinces of East Bengal and Assam were created. This decision aimed to alleviate the grievances of the people and reduce religious tensions in the region.

    The events surrounding the partition of Bengal and its subsequent reversal played a crucial role in shaping the political consciousness of the Indian people and contributed to the larger movement for independence from British rule.

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