MemberJanuary 5, 2024 at 2:14 pm::
Chandrashekhar Azad, born on July 23, 1906, was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. He played a crucial role in organizing and leading revolutionary activities.
Azad’s involvement in the independence movement began during his school days when he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. However, he became disillusioned with the suspension of the movement after the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 and believed that a more forceful approach was necessary to achieve independence.
Azad joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization founded by Ram Prasad Bismil, and later became its leader. The HSRA aimed to overthrow British rule through armed struggle and revolutionary activities.
One of Azad’s most notable actions was his involvement in the Kakori Train Robbery in 1925. Along with other revolutionaries, he looted a train carrying government funds near Kakori, Uttar Pradesh, to finance their revolutionary activities. The incident gained significant attention and put the British authorities on high alert.
To evade capture, Azad adopted the name “Azad,” which means “free” in Hindi, as a symbol of his commitment to the cause of independence. He became known as Chandrashekhar Azad, and the name stuck throughout his revolutionary activities.
Azad was known for his courage and determination. He believed in the use of force against the British and inspired many young revolutionaries to join the freedom struggle. He organized and participated in various acts of violence against the British administration, including the assassination of a British police officer, J.P. Saunders, in Lahore in 1928.
The British authorities intensified their efforts to capture Azad, and in 1931, they surrounded him in Alfred Park (now Chandrashekhar Azad Park) in Allahabad. Rather than surrendering, Azad fought valiantly and chose to shoot himself, upholding his pledge to never be captured alive.
Chandrashekhar Azad’s fearless commitment to the cause of Indian independence and his revolutionary activities made him an iconic figure in the freedom struggle. He remains an inspiration for generations of Indians fighting for justice and freedom.