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Activity Discussion Environment Living Things & Non Living Things Reply To: Living Things & Non Living Things

  • Dikshu

    January 5, 2024 at 2:25 pm
    Not Helpful

    Plants are considered living things because they possess several fundamental characteristics and exhibit the essential attributes of life. Here are the reasons why plants are classified as living organisms:

    Cellular organization: Plants are composed of one or more cells. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of life, and all plants are made up of cells. These cells work together to carry out various biological functions.

    Metabolism: Plants engage in metabolic processes such as photosynthesis, respiration, and nutrient absorption. Photosynthesis allows plants to convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose (a form of energy) and oxygen. Respiration involves the conversion of glucose into usable energy. These metabolic processes are vital for the plant’s growth, development, and survival.

    Homeostasis: Plants maintain internal stability by regulating their internal environment. They have mechanisms to control water balance, nutrient uptake, and temperature to ensure optimal conditions for their cellular activities.

    Growth and development: Plants exhibit growth throughout their lifespan. They increase in size, develop new tissues, and undergo various stages of development, including germination, flowering, and fruit production. Growth in plants is generally characterized by cell division, elongation, and differentiation.

    Reproduction: Plants have the ability to reproduce and pass on their genetic information to the next generation. They can reproduce sexually through the production of flowers, which contain reproductive organs (stamens and pistils). Plants can also reproduce asexually through methods such as vegetative propagation, where new plants are produced from stems, roots, or leaves.

    Response to stimuli: Plants can perceive and respond to environmental stimuli. For example, they can orient their leaves toward sunlight (phototropism) and grow their roots toward water (hydrotropism). They can also respond to touch, gravity, and various chemical signals in their environment.

    Adaptation and evolution: Plants have the capacity to adapt to their surroundings and evolve over time. They can develop specific traits that enhance their survival in different environments, such as drought tolerance or resistance to pests. Through genetic variation and natural selection, plants can evolve and diversify over generations.

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