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Newton’s second law of motion states that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass. Mathematically, it can be expressed as:
F = m * a
where:
F represents the net force acting on the object,
m is the mass of the object, and
a is the acceleration produced.
According to Newton’s second law, if you apply a force to an object, the object will accelerate in the direction of the force. The acceleration is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass of the object. This means that the same force will produce a greater acceleration on a lighter object compared to a heavier object.
The second law is one of the fundamental principles of classical mechanics and provides a mathematical description of the causeandeffect relationship between force, mass, and acceleration. It is commonly written as “F = ma” and is applicable to a wide range of physical systems, from everyday objects to celestial bodies.