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Activity Discussion Grammar & Vocabulary Grammar Reply To: Grammar

  • Kunal

    February 10, 2024 at 1:38 pm
    Not Helpful

    To identify the subject and predicate in a sentence, you need to understand their roles in forming a complete sentence. Here’s a breakdown of each:

    1. Subject: The subject is the part of the sentence that typically performs the action or is being described. It generally answers the question “Who?” or “What?” the sentence is about. The subject can be a noun, pronoun, or a noun phrase.


    “The cat is sleeping.”

    In this sentence, “The cat” is the subject because it is the entity being referred to and performing the action of sleeping.

    2. Predicate: The predicate is the part of the sentence that provides information about the subject. It usually contains the verb and other words that describe or modify the subject. The predicate can be a single verb or a verb phrase.


    “The cat is sleeping.”

    In this sentence, “is sleeping” is the predicate because it describes the subject “The cat” and tells us what the cat is doing.

    To identify the subject and predicate in a sentence:

    1. Identify the verb: Look for the main verb in the sentence. It is often an action word or a state of being word (e.g., is, was, are).

    2. Ask “Who?” or “What?” before the verb: Identify the word or group of words that answer the question “Who?” or “What?” before the verb. That will be the subject.

    3. The remaining part of the sentence, excluding the subject, forms the predicate.


    “The happy children are playing in the park.”

    Verb: “are playing”

    Subject: “The happy children” (answers the question “Who?” is playing)

    Predicate: “are playing in the park” (remaining part of the sentence)

    Remember that sentence structures can vary, and there may be additional elements such as objects, adjectives, adverbs, or prepositional phrases. However, the subject and predicate are the core components that determine the basic structure of a sentence.

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