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Activity Discussion Environment Weather Reply To: Weather

  • Dinusha

    Member
    May 27, 2024 at 3:40 pm
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    The weather is colder at higher altitudes for several reasons:

    1. Air pressure decreases with increasing altitude. As you climb a mountain, the air pressure drops. Lower air pressure causes air to expand and cool.
    2. The atmosphere loses more heat to space at higher altitudes. The Earth’s surface gains more heat than it loses, heating the lower atmosphere. However, high up in the atmosphere, the air loses more heat to space than it absorbs from sunlight, resulting in cooler temperatures.
    3. There is less atmosphere to retain heat at higher altitudes. The farther away you get from the Earth’s surface, the thinner the atmosphere gets. The total heat content of a system is directly related to the amount of matter present, so it is cooler at higher elevations.
    4. The standard lapse rate causes air temperature to decrease by 6.5°C for every 1000 meters gained in altitude. For example, if the air temperature is 27°C at sea level, it can be around 1°C at an altitude of 4000 meters due to the lapse rate.

    In summary, the combination of lower air pressure, increased heat loss to space, less atmospheric matter to retain heat, and the standard lapse rate all contribute to the colder weather experienced at higher altitudes compared to lower elevations.

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