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Activity Discussion Science & Technology Balance scale work Reply To: Balance scale work

  • Tinkle

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    May 28, 2024 at 1:40 pm
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    A balance scale, also known as a pan balance or beam balance, is a simple device used to measure the mass or weight of an object. Here’s how a basic balance scale works:

    1. The scale has a horizontal bar, called a beam, that is balanced on a central fulcrum or pivot point. This allows the beam to rotate freely and evenly on the fulcrum.

    2. On each end of the beam, there are pans or platforms called scale pans. Objects to be measured are placed on one of the pans.

    3. To use the scale, known weights (often called counterweights or reference weights) are placed on the opposite pan until the beam is balanced and level.

    4. When the beam is balanced, the mass or weight of the object on one pan is equal to the total mass of the counterweights on the other pan. This allows the mass of the unknown object to be determined.

    5. The scale may have markings or calibrations along the beam so that the mass can be read directly, or the operator may need to manually add up the values of the individual counterweights to calculate the mass.

    The key principle behind the balance scale is the concept of equilibrium – when the forces on each side of the fulcrum are equal, the beam will balance horizontally. This allows the unknown mass to be accurately determined by comparing it to known reference masses.

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