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Activity Discussion General Discussion Astronauts Reply To: Astronauts

  • Glenda

    June 3, 2024 at 10:29 am
    Not Helpful

    Astronauts undergo rigorous training to prepare for space missions, encompassing various aspects to ensure their readiness for the challenges of space travel. Here is an overview of how astronauts train for space missions based on the provided sources:

    1. Selection and Training Process: Astronaut training is an integrated process that includes basic training, advanced training, mission-specific training, onboard training, and proficiency maintenance training. This training covers a wide range of topics such as medicine, language, robotics, piloting, space system engineering, and more.
    2. Training Objectives: Astronauts are trained in both general and specific aspects, including the operation of specific systems and skills related to their assigned positions in a space mission. Mission-specific training typically lasts around 18 months for Space Shuttle and International Space Station crews.
    3. Training Facilities: Astronauts undergo training in both virtual and physical facilities to simulate the conditions they will encounter during all phases of the flight. This includes training for a microgravity environment and specific systems of the spacecraft, as well as preparation for on-orbit operations and external events like adaptation to microgravity, isolation, confinement, and radiation.
    4. On-orbit Operations: Training covers the operation of spacecraft systems, orbital mechanics, scientific experimentation, earth observation, and astronomy. Astronauts are prepared for events that may pose a hazard to their health or the successful completion of the mission, such as critical system failures, capsule depressurization, or fires.
    5. Long-Duration Missions: For long-term missions to destinations like the Moon or Mars, astronauts must be trained to carry out multiple tasks and duties, including adapting to the challenges of living and working in space for extended periods.
    6. Training Programs: Astronaut candidates participate in an intense one-to-two-year training program that covers shuttle and space station systems, guidance and navigation, orbital dynamics, materials processing, as well as various scientific disciplines like mathematics, geology, meteorology, and physics. They also receive training in land and sea survival, scuba diving, space suits, and weightlessness.
    7. Simulation and Practice: Astronauts train in simulators and other equipment to familiarize themselves with the planned mission activities, react to emergencies, and practice specific tasks related to their spaceflight. This includes training in shuttle mission simulators, full-scale mockups, and part-task trainers to prepare for various scenarios they may encounter in space.

    In summary, astronauts undergo comprehensive training that covers a wide range of topics and simulations to ensure their readiness for the challenges of space missions, from operating spacecraft systems to adapting to the unique environment of space.

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