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Activity Discussion History HISTORY Reply To: HISTORY

  • Dinusha

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    June 14, 2024 at 6:00 pm
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    The major events of the Cold War include:

    1. Korean War:
      • The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, when North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, invaded South Korea. The United Nations, led by the United States, intervened to support South Korea. The war lasted until July 27, 1953, with the establishment of the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
    2. Cuban Missile Crisis:
      • In October 1962, the Soviet Union deployed nuclear missiles in Cuba, which were ready to be launched onto the cities of the United States. The United States responded with a naval blockade of Cuba, and both superpowers were on the verge of war. The standoff ended after 13 days when the Soviet Union withdrew the missiles.
    3. Vietnam War:
      • The United States intervened in the Vietnam War in 1965 by sending troops to aid South Vietnam in its fight against communist North Vietnam. The war lasted until April 30, 1975, when North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, leading to the fall of the South Vietnamese government.
    4. Prague Spring:
      • In 1968, the communist government of Czechoslovakia attempted to introduce reforms, including multiparty democracy and more media freedom. This alarmed the Soviet Union, which feared a domino effect in Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union intervened with troops, leading to the collapse of the Prague Spring.
    5. Afghan Invasion:
      • In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, which led to a prolonged and costly conflict for the Soviet Union. The war lasted until 1989, when the Soviet Union withdrew its troops.
    6. Berlin Blockade:
      • In 1948, the Soviet Union applied a blockade to West Berlin, which was part of the Soviet-occupied zone of Germany. The United States, the United Kingdom, and France responded by airlifting supplies to the city, which lasted until the blockade was lifted in May 1949.
    7. Truman Doctrine:
      • In 1947, President Harry Truman announced the Truman Doctrine, which aimed to stop the spread of communism by providing economic and military aid to countries threatened by communist expansion. This marked a significant shift in American foreign policy.
    8. Potsdam Conference:
      • The Potsdam Conference in 1945 was a meeting among the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to discuss the administration of defeated Germany, the demarcation of Poland’s borders, and the occupation of Austria. The conference highlighted the growing tensions between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union.
    9. Fall of the Berlin Wall:
      • In 1989, the Berlin Wall, which had divided East and West Berlin since 1961, was torn down, marking a significant turning point in the Cold War. This event was followed by the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990 and the eventual dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

    These events represent some of the key milestones in the Cold War, a period of intense geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted from 1945 to 1991.

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