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Activity Discussion Science & Technology Some objects roll and others slide Reply To: Some objects roll and others slide

  • Shayan

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    June 20, 2024 at 2:33 pm
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    The difference in how objects roll versus slide is due to the way their motion is affected by friction and the shape of the object.

    When an object rolls, it experiences a combination of rotation and translation (linear motion). As the object rolls, the point of contact with the surface is constantly changing. This allows the object to “roll” over the surface without experiencing as much sliding friction.

    The key factors that determine whether an object rolls or slides are:

    1. Shape of the object:

      • Objects with a curved surface, like a ball or cylinder, are more prone to rolling.
      • Objects with a flat surface, like a block, are more likely to slide.
    2. Friction:

      • Rolling friction is generally lower than sliding friction, as there is less surface area in contact with the ground.
      • The material properties of the object and surface also affect the amount of friction.

    For example, a ball will roll because the curved surface allows it to minimally interact with the ground, reducing sliding friction. In contrast, a block will tend to slide because the flat surface creates more contact area and higher sliding friction.

    The balance between the object’s shape, weight, and the surface friction determines whether an object will roll or slide when a force is applied to it. Understanding these principles is important in fields like engineering, physics, and transportation.

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