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Activity Discussion History Mughal Empire’s subjects Reply To: Mughal Empire’s subjects

  • Shayan

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    June 20, 2024 at 4:16 pm
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    The Mughal Empire, which ruled over large parts of the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th to the mid-19th century, had a diverse religious landscape among its subjects. Here is a overview of the main religions:

    • Hinduism: The majority of the Mughal Empire’s subjects were Hindu. Hinduism was the predominant religion, especially in the rural areas and among the common people.

    • Islam: The Mughal rulers themselves were Muslims, having descended from Turko-Mongol Muslim dynasties. A significant portion of the urban population, nobility, and ruling class were also Muslim.

    • Sikhism: Sikhism emerged as a distinct religion during the Mughal era. The Sikh Gurus established the Sikh faith and community, which gained prominence especially in the northern regions of the empire.

    • Other minority religions: Smaller populations of Jains, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis), and Jews also lived within the Mughal realms, though they were a small minority compared to Hindus and Muslims.

    The Mughal Emperors generally followed a policy of religious tolerance, allowing the diverse faiths to coexist, though there were periods of occasional religious tensions and conflicts as well. The religious pluralism of the Mughal era had a lasting impact on the culture and society of the Indian subcontinent.

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