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Activity Discussion History Mughal Empire Reply To: Mughal Empire

  • Glenda

    July 4, 2024 at 4:28 pm
    Not Helpful

    India was partitioned into the independent dominions of India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947, ending nearly 200 years of British rule in the Indian subcontinent. The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and accompanied by the dissolution of the British Raj. Key points about the partition:

    • It was enacted on the basis of the “two-nation theory” – the idea that Muslims and Hindus were separate nations that could not live together. This was championed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League.
    • The partition divided the provinces of Bengal and Punjab along religious lines, with Muslim-majority areas going to Pakistan and non-Muslim areas to India.
    • The partition caused one of the largest mass migrations in history, with around 10-20 million people displaced and over 1 million killed in the accompanying violence and riots.
    • It led to the creation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (comprising West and East Pakistan, now Bangladesh) and the secular Republic of India.
    • The violent nature of the partition created lasting hostility between India and Pakistan that continues to affect their relationship today.

    So in summary, India was partitioned into India and Pakistan on August 14-15, 1947 as the British Raj came to an end, with disastrous consequences in terms of displacement, violence and the long-term rivalry between the two new nations. The partition was a pivotal moment in the history of the Indian subcontinent.

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