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Activity Discussion Science & Technology Acid, Bases and Salt

  • Acid, Bases and Salt

    Posted by Siddharth on June 21, 2023 at 7:38 pm

    What is neutralization? Explain the real life applications of the process.

    Divya replied 1 year ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Divya

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    June 22, 2023 at 3:03 pm
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    Neutralization is a chemical process that occurs when an acid and a base react to form salt and water, resulting in the neutralization of their respective properties. In this reaction, the hydrogen ions (H+) from the acid combine with the hydroxide ions (OH-) from the base, producing water (H2O) and forming a salt compound.

    The real-life applications of neutralization are widespread and impact various aspects of our daily lives. Some of these applications are:

    1) One prominent application is in the field of medicine. Antacids, for example, are substances used to neutralize excess stomach acid, providing relief from conditions such as heartburn and acid reflux. These antacids contain basic compounds that react with the excess acid in the stomach, effectively neutralizing its corrosive effects.

    2) Another significant application of neutralization is in the water treatment industry. Water sources often contain impurities and may be acidic or basic in nature. Neutralization is employed to adjust the pH of the water to a desired level, ensuring its safety for consumption and preventing damage to pipes and equipment. By adding carefully measured quantities of acids or bases, water treatment plants achieve the optimal pH balance, making the water suitable for domestic and industrial use.

    3) Neutralization reactions are also utilized in the manufacturing of various household products. Cleaning agents such as detergents and soaps often contain acidic or basic components. These substances work by neutralizing the pH of stains and soils, helping to remove dirt effectively.

    4) In agriculture, neutralization plays a role in maintaining soil pH. Some soils may be too acidic or too alkaline, affecting plant growth and nutrient absorption. By applying appropriate amounts of acidic or basic substances, farmers can neutralize the soil, creating an optimal environment for crops to thrive.

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