Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting plant and animal species and their habitats. As part of the earth’s ecosystem, wildlife provides balance and stability to natural processes. The purpose of wildlife conservation is to ensure the survival of these species, as well as to educate people about healthy living and other species.
The population has grown tremendously in the last 200 years, reaching more than seven billion people today, and continues to grow rapidly. This means that natural resources are being used more quickly than ever by billions of people around the world. This growth and development threatens habitat and the availability of a wide variety of wildlife around the world, especially animals and plants that can be abandoned for the betterment of the earth, or for food or other human purposes. Other threats to wildlife include the introduction of invasive species from other parts of the world, climate change, pollution, poaching, fishing and poaching.
National and international organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund, Conservation International, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the United Nations are working to support conservation efforts in many different areas. They work with governments to establish and protect public land, such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. They helped draft legislation, such as the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 in the United States, to protect biodiversity. They work with law enforcement agencies to prosecute wildlife crimes, such as wildlife trafficking and poaching (poaching). They also promote biodiversity to support the growing population while preserving existing species and habitats.
National Geographic Explorers, such as conservationists Camille Coudrat and Titus Adhola, are working to reduce biodiversity loss and to protect biodiversity and habitat. Nature filmmakers and photographers, such as Thomas P. Peschak, are also important in conservation efforts, recording and bringing care to endangered wildlife around the world.