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Activity Discussion History Divide and Rule Policy of British Raj.

  • Divide and Rule Policy of British Raj.

    Posted by Nishit on June 21, 2023 at 6:41 pm

    The British were known for their menacing divide and rule policy. Mention a few ways in which the British were succesful in implementing this policy. Mention the pioneer of this brilliant yet devious scheme.

    praveen kumar replied 3 months ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • praveen kumar

    June 21, 2023 at 6:50 pm
    Not Helpful

    The British Empire indeed employed a divide and rule policy as a strategic approach to maintain control over their colonies. Here are a few ways in which the British successfully implemented this policy:

    1. Exploiting Ethnic and Religious Differences: The British manipulated existing divisions among different ethnic and religious groups within the colonies. They accentuated rivalries and conflicts to create tensions and weaken unity among the native populations.

    2. Appointment of Local Collaborators: The British often appointed local collaborators, known as “native elites” or “princely states,” to administer and govern the regions under their control. These collaborators would be given privileges and power, which further fueled divisions within the society.

    3. Administrative Divisions: The British drew arbitrary borders and created administrative divisions that favored some groups over others. By doing so, they fostered a sense of rivalry and competition among different regions or communities, making it easier for the British to control and exploit these divisions.

    4. Favoritism and Differential Treatment: The British implemented policies that favored certain communities or groups over others. By granting privileges or providing economic advantages to specific groups, they created divisions and animosity among different sections of society.

    5. Encouraging Social and Cultural Differences: The British often promoted and highlighted existing social and cultural differences among communities. This further deepened divisions and hindered unity among the native populations.

    One of the pioneers of this divide and rule policy within the British Empire was Lord Wellesley, who served as the Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805. He emphasized the policy of using local alliances and manipulating divisions to consolidate British control over India.

    It is important to note that while the British effectively implemented this policy, its consequences resulted in long-lasting social, political, and cultural divisions that have had significant impacts on the affected regions even after independence.

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