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Activity Discussion Environment Environment

  • Aashutosh

    May 21, 2021 at 8:35 pm
    Not Helpful

    The growth of
    cities due to industrialization and economic
    development is termed as Urbanization. And this growth is been boost up for few years. Due to controlled
    urbanization, the environmental degradation has
    become common and has been occurring very rapidly, causing many problems
    like shortage of houses, water quality, air
    pollution, noise, dust and heat, problems of disposal of
    wastes, etc. which cause serious health problems.

    These are few harmful effects of Urbanization:

    1. Overexploitation of Natural resources: Due to high population density, overuse of natural resources became common in urban areas. The rate of consumption is very high such as scarcity of drinking water from groundwater, scarcity of forest products, power cut due to excessive use of electricity, etc.

    2. Air Pollution: Air pollution is one of the major causes to exploit the environment. Activities like flying large automobiles, running heavy machinery, daily usage of vehicles, etc release pollutants like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, harmful organic compounds, toxic metals, etc which are capable of including a number of health

    3. Noise Pollution: The noise produced from automobiles, vehicles, social
    functions, industries, etc. cause noise pollution in urban
    areas which cause the psychological and physical disorder.

    4. Unusual Rise in Temerature: The unplanned construction of large buildings in urban
    areas absorbs solar radiation and in the afternoon, these
    emit heat radiations increasing the climatic pressure. This is the major reason for increasing global warming.

    5. Management of Solid Waste: Densely populated urban area consumes large quantities
    of material and simultaneously releases a lot of solid
    wastes. Solid wastes include municipal wastes,
    industrial wastes, hazardous wastes, etc. Solid waste
    production increases with an increase in population foul
    smell and poisonous gases and becomes a breeding
    ground for various diseases.

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