Satyajit Ray, born on 2nd May 1921, was an Indian film director, scriptwriter, documentary filmmaker, author, lyricist, magazine editor, illustrator, calligrapher, and music composer. He was born in Calcutta as the son of Sukumar Ray who, then was outstanding in the fields of arts and literature. Satyajit was one of the greatest filmmakers in the film industry. His renowned works included The Apu Trilogy, The Music Room, The Big City, and Charulata.
Satyajit Ray has in all directed 36 films, including feature films documentaries, short films, and novels, majorly for young children and teenagers. Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, Tarini Khuro, the storyteller, and Lalmohan Ganguly, the novelist were the popular fictional characters that were created by him.
He has also had a major interest in puzzles and puns that was indicated in his stories. Most of his writings were translated into English. And most of his screenplays were published in Bengali in the literary journal Eksan. He also wrote an autobiography considering his childhood years named “Jakhan Choto Chilam” which was then translated into English by his wife Bijoya Ray as Childhood Days: A Memoir. After the Apu Trilogy went on air, he also published his memoir about his experiences “My Years with Apu”.
He also had an interest in Graphic Designing. He designed most of his film posters combining folk art and calligraphy to create themes ranging from mysterious, surreal to comical; an exhibition for his posters was held at British Film Institute in 2013.
He received many major awards during his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lio, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, and many additional awards at International film festivals and ceremonies. He had also won an Academy Honorary Award in 1992. Also, He was honored by the Bharat Ratna Award by the Government of India.