If you visit Jaipur, there are many places of historical architecture. One of them is Hawa Mahal. It is a beautiful palace in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The English translation of Hawa Mahal says ‘The Palace of Winds’ or ‘The Palace of Breeze’ Hawa Mahal was built in the year 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and designed by Lal Chand Ustad.
It is a five-story pyramidal architecture built with Red and Pink Sandstone. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, was the founder of Jaipur. He got inspiration from the famous Khetri Mahal, after which he decided to lay the foundation of Hawa Mahal. The head elevation is like a honeycomb web of a beehive constructed with tiny potholes. Its unique design was to permit the royal ladies to watch everyday life and festivals rejoiced in the street below without being seen, as they had to obey the rules of “Purdah,” which barred them from appearing in public without hiding their faces. The architectural highlight of Hawa Mahal also permitted cool air from the Venturi effect to pass through it, making the temperature of the whole area more pleasant during summers.
After 50 years, some renovation work was done on the palace in the year 2006 to give a facelift to the monument at an estimated cost of 4.5 million. Now, the government has taken an initiative to preserve the historical monuments of Jaipur, and the Unit Trust of India has adopted Hawa Mahal to sustain it. Some of the characteristics of this popular palace are the stone-carved screens, small casements, and arched roofs.
Hawa Mahal is taken care of by the archaeological department of the Government of Rajasthan.