MemberFebruary 13, 2024 at 4:40 pm::
The Green Revolution in India was adopted in the mid-1960s with the aim of increasing agricultural productivity and addressing food shortages. There were several reasons behind its adoption:
Food security: India was facing severe food shortages and struggled to feed its growing population. The Green Revolution aimed to increase agricultural production to meet the rising demand for food.
Population growth: India’s population was rapidly increasing, and there was a need to produce more food to sustain the growing population. The Green Revolution focused on improving crop yields to achieve food self-sufficiency.
Technological advancements: The Green Revolution introduced new agricultural technologies, such as high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides. These innovations were expected to boost crop production and increase farmers’ income.
Political will: The Indian government, under the leadership of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, actively supported and promoted the Green Revolution. It saw agriculture as a crucial sector for economic development and social stability.
Economic benefits: The Green Revolution aimed to increase agricultural productivity and income for farmers. By adopting modern farming techniques and technologies, it was hoped that farmers’ livelihoods would improve, reducing rural poverty and stimulating economic growth.
International support: The Green Revolution was also supported by international organizations such as the World Bank, which provided financial assistance and technical expertise to implement the program in India.
While the Green Revolution brought significant increases in agricultural production, it also had some negative consequences, including environmental degradation, over-reliance on chemical inputs, and increased social inequalities. Nevertheless, the Green Revolution played a crucial role in transforming India from a food-deficient nation to one that is largely self-sufficient in food production.