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Activity Discussion History What was the role of the zamindar in the Mughal administration?

  • Suraj

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    June 23, 2023 at 8:14 pm
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    In the Mughal administration, the zamindars played a crucial role in the collection of revenue and maintenance of law and order in their respective territories. The term “zamindar” referred to a local landowner or administrator who was granted authority over a specific region or estate by the Mughal emperor.<div>The primary responsibility of the zamindar was the collection of revenue from the peasants or cultivators who worked on the land. They acted as intermediaries between the central Mughal administration and the local population. The revenue collected by the zamindars was a significant source of income for the Mughal Empire. It was typically collected in the form of a percentage of the agricultural produce or as a fixed monetary tribute.</div><div>Apart from revenue collection, the zamindars were also responsible for the maintenance of law and order in their territories. They had the power to settle disputes, enforce local regulations, and ensure the smooth functioning of the agrarian economy. They maintained their own armed forces, which they used to protect their estates and maintain stability.</div><div>While the zamindars held significant power and authority, they were also subject to certain obligations towards the Mughal Empire. They had to pay a portion of their revenue collection to the Mughal emperor as a form of tribute. This ensured a flow of resources to the central administration and helped maintain the stability of the empire.</div><div>The Mughal emperors relied on the zamindars as a means of decentralized administration and to maintain control over vast territories. The zamindars, in turn, enjoyed a degree of autonomy and were able to exercise power and influence within their regions.</div><div>However, the system of zamindari was not without its flaws. Some zamindars became oppressive and exploited the peasants, extracting excessive revenue and subjecting them to harsh treatment. This led to widespread discontent among the rural population and contributed to agrarian unrest.</div><div>Overall, the zamindars played a crucial role in the Mughal administration by facilitating revenue collection, maintaining law and order, and acting as intermediaries between the central authority and the local population. Their position as local powerholders shaped the socio-economic and political dynamics of Mughal India.</div>

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