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  • Prateek

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    June 13, 2024 at 5:37 pm
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    The Mughals, who ruled a vast empire in the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th to the mid-19th century, utilized a diverse range of weapons in their military campaigns. The main types of weapons used by the Mughals included:

    1. Firearms:

      • Matchlock muskets: The Mughals were among the first to adopt and effectively use matchlock muskets in the Indian subcontinent, gaining a significant advantage over their opponents.
      • Cannons: The Mughals employed various types of cannons, including field artillery, siege guns, and naval guns, to support their military operations.
    2. Cavalry weapons:

      • Swords: The Mughals used a variety of swords, including the curved sabers and straight-bladed swords, as the primary weapons for their cavalry.
      • Lances: Mounted lancers were an essential component of the Mughal cavalry, providing shock value and long-range striking power.
      • Bows and arrows: The Mughal cavalry was also equipped with bows and arrows, which were used for long-range attacks and harassment of the enemy.
    3. Infantry weapons:

      • Swords: Foot soldiers, in addition to the cavalry, also carried various types of swords, including the scimitar and the talwar.
      • Spears: Spears and pikes were used by the Mughal infantry to counter cavalry charges and provide defensive formations.
      • Archery: The Mughal infantry maintained a strong tradition of archery, employing both composite bows and crossbows.
    4. Siege weapons:

      • Catapults and trebuchets: The Mughals utilized these siege engines to launch projectiles and breaching walls during sieges of fortified cities and strongholds.

    The Mughals’ ability to effectively combine firearms, cavalry, and siege weapons, along with their military innovations and tactical adaptations, contributed significantly to the expansion and consolidation of their empire in the Indian subcontinent.

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