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Activity Discussion History Industrial Revolution

  • Industrial Revolution

    Posted by Sagar on June 13, 2024 at 12:55 pm

    What was the Industrial Revolution and how did it change society?

    Dilip replied 1 month ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Dilip

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    June 13, 2024 at 1:04 pm
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    The Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrialization and technological innovation that took place primarily in Britain, Western Europe, and North America during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

    The key changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution include:

    1. Mechanization of production: The introduction of machines and factories replaced traditional manual labor, allowing for mass production of goods at a much faster rate. This included the development of steam power, factories, and new manufacturing techniques.

    2. Rise of the factory system: Factories emerged as the dominant form of production, replacing the traditional cottage industry and guild systems. Factory owners employed large numbers of workers, often in poor conditions, to operate the new machinery.

    3. Urbanization: As factories were established, people migrated from rural areas to growing urban centers to seek employment. This led to the rapid expansion of cities and the development of slums due to poor living conditions.

    4. Growth of the middle class: The new factory owners and industrialists formed a growing middle class, distinct from the traditional landed gentry and aristocracy. This led to social and political changes as the middle class gained more influence.

    5. Technological innovations: The Industrial Revolution saw numerous innovations in areas such as transportation (steam engines, railroads), communication (telegraph), and manufacturing (interchangeable parts, the assembly line).

    These changes transformed the social, economic, and political landscape of the affected regions. They led to increased productivity, wealth, and standards of living for some, but also brought about issues such as poor working conditions, child labor, and widening inequality between social classes. The Industrial Revolution laid the foundations for the modern industrialized world.

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