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Activity Discussion History Land Revenue System in British empire

  • Land Revenue System in British empire

    Posted by Jayanti on June 23, 2023 at 5:36 pm

    What were the different land revenue system in british empire?

    Vishesh replied 1 year ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Vishesh

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    June 23, 2023 at 6:41 pm
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    There were 3 types of land revenue systen in british empire

    1) Zamindari system:

    • Zamindari System was introduced by Cornwallis in 1793 through the Permanent Settlement Act.
    • It was introduced in the provinces of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Varanasi.
    • Also known as Permanent Settlement System.
    • Zamindars were recognized as the owner of the lands. Zamindars were given the rights to collect the rent from the peasants.

    2) Ryotwari system:

    • Ryotwari System was introduced by Thomas Munro in 1820.
    • This was the primary land revenue system in South India.
    • Major areas of introduction include Madras, Bombay, parts of Assam and Coorg provinces of British India.
    • In Ryotwari System the ownership rights were handed over to the peasants. <mark>British Government collected taxes directly from the peasants.</mark>

    3) Mahalwari system:

    • Mahalwari system was introduced in 1822 by Holt Mackenzie. Later, the system was reformed during the period of William Bentick (1833).
    • This was the primary land revenue system in North-West India.
    • It was introduced in Central Province, North-West Frontier, Agra, Punjab, Gangetic Valley, etc of British India.
    • In this system, the land was divided into Mahals. Each Mahal comprises one or more villages.
    • This reply was modified 1 year ago by  Vishesh.
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