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Activity Discussion History Mughal Empire

  • Nitika

    June 24, 2023 at 1:40 am
    Not Helpful

    Babur’s ascent to the throne in 1526 A.D. marked the beginning of the Great Mughal era, which lasted until Aurangzeb’s demise in 1707 A.D.

    An era in Indian history came to an end with the passing of Aurangzeb. The Mughal empire was the biggest in India at the time of Aurangzeb’s passing. Yet the Mughal Empire collapsed roughly fifty years after his passing. The institutions and processes integral to its cultural identity and governing principles clearly displayed signs of decay. The overall decay that had started to take hold under the reign of Aurangzeb could not be stopped by his weakened successors, and the ongoing succession conflict made matters worse. There were no new reforms or technology to stabilize the situation. This was further worsened when there were no military reforms introduced putting an end to the glorious Mughal Empire.

    There could be numerous reasons for the tragic fall of the era such as-

    1. Weak Successors

    The Mughals did not believe in a orderly succession pattern. Each time a ruler in the Mughal Empire died the successive ruler was decided through warfare. This demolished the order and weakened the Empire especially after Aurangzeb.

    2. Degeneration of Mughal Nobility

    As there was a decline in the Mughal Empire, there also was a decline in the character of novelty. Love for poetry, adventure, nature, Litrature too declined.

    3. Religious percecution of Hindus

    Aurangzeb failed to recognise the huge support of Hindus which Akbar had understood. Unlike Akbar, Aurangzeb was intolerant to Hindus. He forgot that the Mughal Empire was depended on the commoners. The Rajputs acted as the pillar of strength for the Mughal Empire whom Aurangzeb turned into bitter does. Constant warfare with Rajputs, Sikhs, Jats drained the Mughal Empire.

    4. Bankruptcy

    High taxes pushed people to abandon lands resulting in depletion of taxes. Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb’s zeal for construction resulted in depletion of treasury. Constant warfare added to the situation.

    5. Invasions

    Foreign invasions and introduction of new values slowly faded the Mughal impression causing it’s subsequent depletion.

    6. Vastness of the Empire

    The very reason of the decline of the Mughal Empire was its growth. The Empire had become too large to be controlled by a single ruler operating from the centre.

    Here’s a recommended YouTube video for further clarification👇

  • Smriti

    June 23, 2023 at 11:27 pm
    Not Helpful

    The era of the Great Mughals, commencing in 1526 when Babur became the ruler, concluded with the passing of Aurangzeb in 1707. There are multiple reasons for the downfall of the Mughal Empire.

    1.Wars for Power: When Mughal emperors passed away, their sons would fight each other to become the new ruler. This fighting weakened the empire, especially after Aurangzeb.

    2. Aurangzeb’s Policies: Aurangzeb, one of the emperors, had strict religious ideas and treated Hindus poorly. He didn’t understand that the Mughal Empire needed the support of all its people to succeed. Constant wars with different groups, like the Sikhs, Marathas, Jats, and Rajputs, used up the empire’s resources and made it weaker economically.

    3.Foreign Invasions: The Mughal Empire faced attacks from foreign forces. Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded, taking away a lot of the empire’s wealth, damaging its military power, and disrupting trade and businesses.

    4.Weak Leaders: After Aurangzeb, the emperors who followed were not strong leaders. They fell victim to plots by the nobles and were inefficient rulers. The empire also lacked a strong army. In the 18th century, regional powers like Hyderabad, Avadh, and Bengal emerged, further weakening the Mughal Empire.

    5. British Arrival: The arrival of the British and other European powers marked the end for the Mughal Empire. These Western powers were stronger militarily, financially, and had a better understanding of Indian conditions.

    In summary, the Mughal Empire fell due to various reasons. Wars for power, unwise policies, foreign invasions, weak leaders, and the arrival of the British all contributed to its downfall.

    You can watch this YouTube link for better clarity of the concept –

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