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Activity Discussion History Non co-operation movement

  • Non co-operation movement

    Posted by Soniya on May 19, 2021 at 12:03 am

    Describe the significance, motive, outcome of the non -co-operation movement in brief?

    Bunny replied 3 weeks, 4 days ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Bunny

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    March 29, 2024 at 6:02 pm
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    The Non-Cooperation Movement was a significant phase in India’s struggle for independence against British colonial rule. It was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920 with the aim of mobilizing the Indian masses and achieving self-governance.

    Significance:

    1. Mass Mobilization: The Non-Cooperation Movement witnessed the active participation of millions of Indians from various walks of life. It marked a significant shift from intellectual debates to mass mobilization, making it one of the largest nationalist movements in Indian history up to that point.

    2. Nonviolent Resistance: The movement advocated for nonviolent methods of resistance, emphasizing principles of truth, nonviolence, and civil disobedience. This approach played a crucial role in shaping India’s independence struggle and inspired similar movements worldwide.

    3. Assertion of Indian Identity: The movement fostered a sense of national unity and pride among Indians, transcending regional, religious, and caste divisions. It provided a platform for people to collectively express their opposition to British rule, fostering a sense of Indian identity and nationalism.

    Motive:

    The Non-Cooperation Movement had several motives:

    1. Swaraj (Self-Governance): The primary objective was to attain self-governance or swaraj, where Indians could rule themselves and have control over their own affairs.

    2. Protest Against Repressive Policies: The movement aimed to protest against British policies that were exploitative, discriminatory, and oppressive, such as the Rowlatt Act, which curbed civil liberties.

    3. Economic Boycott: Indians were encouraged to boycott British goods and institutions as a means of protesting economic exploitation and promoting self-reliance.

    Outcome:

    1. Mass Awakening: The Non-Cooperation Movement played a pivotal role in awakening the masses and instilling a sense of political consciousness and active participation in the freedom struggle.

    2. Growth of Nationalism: It contributed to the growth of Indian nationalism and unity by bringing people together under a common cause, transcending regional and communal divisions.

    3. Withdrawal of Support: The movement led to the withdrawal of Indians’ support for British institutions, including resignations from government offices, law courts, and educational institutions.

    4. Repression and Setbacks: The movement faced several setbacks, including instances of violence and the Chauri Chaura incident, where police were attacked. Gandhi called off the movement as a result, emphasizing the importance of nonviolence.

    While the Non-Cooperation Movement did not immediately achieve its goal of independence, it marked a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. It demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance, mobilized the masses, and laid the foundation for future movements that eventually led to India’s independence in 1947.

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