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Activity Discussion Science & Technology Phishing Attack

  • Dikshu

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    March 14, 2024 at 5:46 pm
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    A phishing attack is a type of cyber attack where an attacker tries to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords, credit card numbers, or social security numbers, by impersonating a trustworthy entity. The attackers typically masquerade as a legitimate organization or individual through deceptive emails, text messages, or websites.

    Here are some examples to illustrate different types of phishing attacks:

    Email Phishing: In this scenario, an attacker sends a fraudulent email pretending to be from a reputable organization, such as a bank or an e-commerce website. The email may contain a convincing message, urging the recipient to click on a link and provide personal information, claiming there is an urgent issue with their account. For instance, the email might state that the recipient’s account has been compromised and they need to verify their login credentials immediately. Unsuspecting users who fall for this trick may unwittingly provide their sensitive information to the attacker.

    Spear Phishing: Spear phishing is a more targeted form of phishing attack. The attacker customizes the phishing message to make it appear highly personalized and relevant to the recipient. They gather information about the target through social media profiles, public databases, or previous data breaches. For example, an attacker might send an email to an employee of a specific company, posing as a colleague or supervisor, and requesting confidential company information or login credentials.

    Smishing: Smishing, a combination of SMS and phishing, involves sending fraudulent text messages to trick recipients into revealing personal information. The messages often appear to be from a trusted source, such as a bank or a government agency. The attacker may claim that the recipient’s account has been compromised or that they have won a prize, instructing them to click on a link or reply with their sensitive data.

    Pharming: Pharming attacks involve redirecting users to malicious websites without their knowledge. Attackers manipulate DNS (Domain Name System) settings or compromise routers to redirect users to fake websites that resemble legitimate ones. Once on the fraudulent website, users may unknowingly provide their login credentials or financial information, thinking they are interacting with a secure site.

    These examples demonstrate how phishing attacks exploit human vulnerability and trust to deceive individuals into disclosing sensitive information. To protect against phishing attacks, it is important to be cautious when sharing personal information online, verify the authenticity of emails and messages, and use strong, unique passwords for different online accounts.

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