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  • Glenda

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    June 25, 2024 at 12:46 pm
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    Plants attract pollinators in several key ways:

    Providing Food Rewards: The main way plants attract pollinators is by offering food rewards like nectar and pollen. Nectar is a sugary liquid that provides energy for pollinators like bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Pollen is a protein-rich food that pollinators collect to feed their young.

    Using Bright Colors: Many flowers have evolved bright, vibrant colors that are attractive to pollinators. Bees are drawn to blue, yellow and purple flowers, while butterflies favor red, orange, pink and purple blooms. The colors help pollinators spot the flowers from a distance.

    Emitting Fragrances: Scent is another powerful attractant for pollinators. Flowers release aromatic oils that create pleasant fragrances to lure in insects and birds. Herbs like lavender, sage and basil have especially fragrant flowers that are irresistible to pollinators.

    Offering Landing Platforms: Flowers are often shaped to provide a stable landing platform for visiting insects. This allows pollinators to easily access the nectar and pollen rewards. Tubular flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and moths that can hover and feed.

    Using Deception: Some plants like orchids attract pollinators through deception rather than offering food. Food deception orchids mimic the scent and appearance of nectar-producing flowers to lure in insects. Sexual deception orchids emit pheromones that attract male insects looking to mate.By providing food, visual cues, scents, and landing spots, plants ensure they get pollinated by a wide variety of animal visitors. Pollinators are drawn to plants that offer the most rewards and are adapted to their specific needs and behaviors.

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