In the English language, tense is used to refer/understand different times. The three main tenses are past, present, or future.
Therefore we can say that the tense in a sentence has the responsibility to keep the track of time. They give us an understanding of the state or form of action.
But few points must be understood before we proceed into the details.
Tenses determine the time of the incident. Although in a sentence, there can be a time source without a tense too.
The tenses also do not suggest that the performing activity is taking place in the tense that is in it. It could be just the reference as well.
Types of Tense:
The different categories of tenses are listed below with one example each.
1. Simple Present: I jog in the morning daily.
2. Present Progressive: I am jogging now.
3: Present Perfect: I have just jog in the morning.
4. Simple Past: I jogged 5km yesterday.
5. Past Progressive: I was jogging for 5km straight.
6. Past Perfect: I had to jog my track before the breakfast
7. Past Perfect Progressive: I had been jogging on the track when the accident occurred.
8. Future: I am going to jog tomorrow.
9. Future Progressive: I will be jogging tomorrow’s track.
10. Future Perfect: I will have to jog the track by tomorrow.
Then there are two more types which we will be defined in details and with more examples:
11. Present participle:
A present participle denotes immediate action concerning the time denoted by a finite verb in its clause.
a. My cats have not eaten anything due to the weather.
b. I have never been to Paris.
c. She has written all the answers by herself.
d. She has gone to the museum this morning.
e. He has never eaten this kind of burger.
12. Present Perfect Progressive:
A Present Perfect Continuous tense acts by using two different auxiliary verbs together that are placed in relation to the main verb.
a. I have been playing the ukelele since morning.
b. I am sleepy because I have been working.
c. We have not been cooking since the accident.
d. How long have you been taking the course?
e. It has been snowing since 5 pm