Viral diseases are diseases caused by viruses. They are highly infectious and contagious and can be transmitted easily, generally via droplets infection. However, using shared towels and handkerchief can also cause this transmission. Transmission varies from disease to disease. The most common viral infection is cold and flu.
Have you ever noticed if someone sneezes twice or thrice even your nose starts to irritate and you might get a sneeze or two? Why does this happen?
The answer being, cold and flu is caused by viruses. When a person sneezes or coughs, the tiny droplets that he releases contains millions of viruses which attack our body. The infection can be caused in minimum time. Using towels and handkerchiefs of people suffering from cold and flu can also cause you infection.
Chicken poxes are also caused by viruses. And this is the reason behind isolation of a person who is infected with chicken pox.
There are some fatal viral diseases-
1. Herpes caused by Herpes Simplex virus and transmitted via sexual contact.
2. AIDS (Acquired immuno deficiency syndrome) caused by the HIV virus. This virus is transmitted through sexual contact. However, it cannot get transferred by using towels of an AIDS patient. Neither it can get transmitted by talking to or living with an AIDS patient. There are a number of myths and thus people misbehave and leave people suffering from AIDS. This can only get transmitted through sexual contact or blood transfusion, sharing needles and syringes, not by talking to or living with such patients .
The most troublesome disease of the year. This is caused by a virus – corona virus. It gets transmitted through droplets infection. That is, when a person sneezes or coughs they release droplets. These droplets consists of millions of viruses. It is thus very important to follow the guidelines designed to prevent infection. Proper social distancing, masks and proper sanitization can keep you safe.
Thus, viral infections can only be prevented through social distancing and by taking continuous precautions. Meeting or coming in physical contact with infected people can harm you too.