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  • Manpreet

    June 4, 2021 at 2:31 pm
    Not Helpful

    The body needs nutrition for its growth and developemnt. The important nutrients required by humans are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

    Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients required for the growth and development. Vitamins are organic compounds whereas minerals are inorganic elements.

    Let’s discuss each one pf these briefly –

    1. VITAMINS –

    · Vitamins are organic compounds

    · The body cannot produce vitamins (except vit D and B3), these are obtained from foods

    · Vitamins act as catalysts in carbohydrate and fat metabolisms.

    · Vitamins can be taken through foods such as – meat, vegetables (specially the green leafy vegetables), fruits, nuts etc.

    · Their deficiency can lead to numerous diseases

    · Vitamins are of two types –

    a) Fat soluble vitamins – these dissolve in fats. They are – vit A, D, E, K

    b) Water soluble vitamins – these are soluble in water.

    Here’s a list of vitamins –

    1. Vitamin A –

    · found in green leafy veggies, guava, milk, liver, nuts, tomatoes, oranges etc.

    · deficiency – night blindness

    2. vitamin B1 / Thiamine –

    · found in fresh fruits, potatoes, pea, corn, wheat, milk

    · deficiency disease – beriberi

    3. vitamin B2 / Riboflavin –

    · found in – dates, mushrooms, grapes, mangoes, corn etc

    · deficiency disease – sore eyes, slow growth

    4. vitamin B3 (Niacin) –

    · meat, fish, eggs, milk, cereals etc.

    · deficiency disease – pellagra

    5. vit C –

    · fresh fruits, broccoli, goat milk and chestnuts

    · deficiency disease – scurvy

    6. vit D –

    · fish, egg, liver, chicken breast etc.

    · deficiency disease – rickets

    7. vit E –

    · potatoes, pumpkin, guava, mango, milk, nuts seed etc.

    · deficiency diseases – heart problems, sterility

    8. vit K –

    · tomatoes, broccoli, nuts, lamb, beef, mangoes, grapes etc.

    · haemorrhage

    this was a list some vitamins.

    2. MINERALS – minerals are imp elements required by the body. These are Na, Ca, K, I, P

    · Calcium – it is imp for bones and teeth

    · Sodium – it helps in the regulation of blood pressure. Required for maintaining the anionic cationic balance

    · Iodine – promotes hair and nail growth, controls body weight and BMR

    · Phosphorous – most imp element of the cellular membrane. It also plays in the formation of bones and teeth

    This was the summary of vitamins and minerals. I hope this helps.

  • Tejasri

    June 4, 2021 at 4:53 pm
    Not Helpful

    Vitamins and minerals are very important for everyone to be fitter and healthier. It is very important to consume the food which is rich in vitamins and minerals. And there are many side effects of not consuming vitamins and minerals like vitamin deficiency. Vitamins and minerals are good source of energy.

    Nutrients are very important to consume and have good cause. An individual must prefer nutritious food than the junk food. It is very important to eat the fruits and vegetables rather than eating the high calorie food.

    Many of the people does not include those fruits and vegetables in their diet. When they do not include the fruits and vegetables it leads to the malnutrition sometimes.

    Most of the teenagers consume junk food instead of eating the healthy food that is the fruits and vegetables. The junk food contain some preservatives in it and they’re also rich in fats and carbohydrates which are not so good. Doing a mistake is acceptable but doing the mistake even after knowing the truth is a bad one. So, all the teenagers must know the need of the situation and must bring the awareness among the people who are addicted to the junk food. They must motivate the people who are in it all the time.

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