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Activity Discussion History What are the reasons of launching Civil Disobedience Movement?

  • What are the reasons of launching Civil Disobedience Movement?

    Posted by GODHULI on May 15, 2021 at 12:44 pm

    What are the reasons of launching Civil Disobedience Movement? How has India benefited from it ?

    Kunal replied 3 weeks, 3 days ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • Kunal

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    March 19, 2024 at 2:27 pm
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    The Civil Disobedience Movement, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was a significant campaign of nonviolent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi in India during the 1930s. It was launched as a protest against the British colonial rule and aimed to challenge unjust laws and policies imposed by the British government. The movement derived its name from the idea of disobeying laws that were considered unjust or oppressive.

    There were several reasons behind the launch of the Civil Disobedience Movement:

    1. Salt Tax: One of the primary reasons for the movement was the imposition of a salt tax by the British government. Salt was an essential commodity used by all Indians, and the salt tax disproportionately affected the poor. Gandhi saw this tax as a symbol of British exploitation and used it as a focal point for the movement.

    2. Unjust Laws: The movement also aimed to protest against various unjust laws and policies, such as the Rowlatt Act (which restricted civil liberties), the discriminatory treatment of Indians under the British Raj, and the denial of basic rights and freedoms.

    3. Indian Independence: The Civil Disobedience Movement was part of the larger struggle for Indian independence. Gandhi believed that nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience were powerful tools to mobilize the masses and achieve freedom from British rule.

    India benefited from the Civil Disobedience Movement in several ways:

    1. Mass Mobilization: The movement witnessed widespread participation from people across different regions, classes, and communities in India. It served as a unifying force and created a sense of national identity and solidarity among Indians. The movement helped in awakening the masses and fostering a spirit of resistance against colonial rule.

    2. International Attention: The nonviolent nature of the movement garnered significant international attention and sympathy for the Indian cause. Gandhi’s principles of nonviolence and civil disobedience inspired many other independence movements and leaders worldwide.

    3. Weakening of British Rule: The Civil Disobedience Movement put immense pressure on the British government both within India and internationally. The protests, boycotts, and acts of civil disobedience disrupted British administration and challenged their legitimacy. The movement contributed to the gradual erosion of British authority and strengthened the Indian independence movement.

    4. Negotiations and Reforms: The movement compelled the British government to engage in negotiations with Indian leaders. As a result, several concessions were made, including the release of political prisoners, lifting of repressive laws, and granting some limited reforms. These negotiations and reforms laid the foundation for future political developments that eventually led to India’s independence in 1947.

    Overall, the Civil Disobedience Movement played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence, empowering the masses, mobilizing public opinion, and challenging the authority of the British colonial rule. It remains one of the significant milestones in India’s history and a testament to the power of nonviolent resistance.

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