A cyclone is an air mass that rotates around strong centers of low atmospheric pressure and occurs on a large scale.
Some points we need to remember about cyclone is:
1. When water is heated, it will form water vapors.<div><div>
2. This heat is released into the atmosphere converting the water vapors into raindrops.
3. The heat is released again, warming the surrounding air resulting in the air rising up. Thus decreasing the air pressure.
4. Hence, cooler air from the surroundings replaces the warm air.
5. This process is repeated till a low-pressure zone is created with surrounding high-speed winds is created.
6. This is called a Cyclone. It depends on wind speed, direction, temperature, and humidity.
Cyclones in the USA is called <strong style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>Hurricane whereas, in Japan, it is called as <strong style=”font-family: inherit; font-size: inherit;”>Typhoon.</div><div>
There are not many human resources to completely prevent it but we can take measures to minimize the cost of life as well as property. The points are listed below:
1. Planting trees to prevent cyclone damage. This method will help us to reduce frontal damage caused by deflecting and redirecting wind.
2. Reduce the height of taller trees. Planting a group of trees and tall shrubs together can help to divert the wind through funneling. This will reduce the pressure on the trees and moves the wind away from our home.
3. Spreading awareness among the people. Maintaining a regular update of weather conditions through broadcast and internet news can prevent us from getting into calamities.
4. Planning ahead: Identify the possible locations of refuge shelters and routes to take to be guided and have easy access to aid kits or survival tools beforehand.
5. Utilities: Identify power control panels at home, gas piping, and control valves, all these to be shut off in event of calamities.
6. Life support training program. At least train more than 2 family members in life-saving exercises.