Civil rights are defined as “non-political citizens’ rights; in particular, that are guaranteed to U.S. citizens by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution, an act of Congress, “(Merriam-Webster Online). The 13th amendment to the US Constitution abolished slavery in the United States, as well as the 14th Amendment guaranteed African Americans are of legal citizenship and equal protection under the law on the Experience of the National Archives).
Motion is defined in part as “a series of concerted actions, which are aimed at the achievement of a goal; also: the organised efforts have been focused on the promotion of it or the achievement of a goal” (Merriam-Webster Online).
The Civil rights movement was an era devoted to fighting for equal rights and treatment of African-Americans in the United States of america. During this period, most people who have social, legal, political, and cultural changes, to avoid discrimination, and the end of racial segregation.
The historical roots of (non-exhaustive list)
There are many important events relating to the discrimination of African-Americans continue to be, in the day that is known as the Civil Rights Movement. The importation and enslavement of Africans, as it gave rise to a black market in the united states.
In 1808, a ban on the importation of slaves was first introduced. In the the prohibition was in the spirit, as the market continues.
In 1863, President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, officially ended slavery. However, the hearing may be no immediate change in the attitude of a lot of people, or the legacy of a country that is considered to be African-american, less than a human.
In 1865, the Emancipation Proclamation, which was confirmed by the 13th Amendment to the u.s. Constitution, which outlawed slavery and forced servitude.
In 1896, Plessis d. Ferguson introduced the concept of the principle of separate but equal, a residence for African-Americans.
In 1954, the Supreme court ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. In the case of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education, represented by Thurgood Marshall, is the case of the Plessis d. Ferguson. This is an important step in the design of the integration process.
In 1957, the governor of Arkansas tried to prevent nine black students from attending Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. President Eisenhower sent in federal troops to protect the execution of the court’s decision.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957 to protect the freedom of African-Americans to vote.
In the mid-1960s, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation was illegal in interstate bus and rail stations. A group of civilians, known as “Riders on the test, this decision is due to travel to the southern part of the country on a bus. Riders are in for the fight of violence in the Area. President john f. Kennedy to intervene in order to guarantee their safety.
In 1962, President john f. Kennedy sent federal troops to the University of Mississippi, in order to prevent the public from halting the work of James Meredith, the school’s first black graduate student, on a visit.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibits discrimination in public places, and in each of the programs funded by the federal Government. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission( EITC), a united states government agency that will take any complaints of discrimination in the courts, in an effort to make the laws, to maintain the principle of non-discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
The Electoral Rights Act of 1965. been suspended for the use of the voter-qualification tests, which led to a sharp increase in the registration of black voters. These studies have been used to disqualify African Americans from voting.
The relationship with the non-profit sector
The civil Rights movement has made a significant contribution to the development of the nonprofit sector and philanthropy, and has benefited from it. A lot of non-profit organizations emerged during this time, specifically to assist with the organisation of events. These organizations, many of which consisted mainly of volunteers, acted as an intermediary for a change.
Philanthropy has helped many businesses and political life of the country, which are necessary for the promotion of a change in the government. Without donor assistance, a lot of non-profit organizations emerged during the Civil Rights Movement.