Find answers, ask questions, and connect with our
community around the world.

Activity Discussion Science & Technology What is the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?

Tagged: ,

  • What is the difference between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion?

    Posted by Sri on June 18, 2023 at 12:26 pm

    Nuclear fission and fusion are complex scientific concepts that are often covered in advanced science courses or higher grade levels. By discussing this topic, I aimed to provide you with a challenging question that would require a deeper understanding of the subject matter. Additionally, understanding the differences between nuclear fission and fusion is important in the context of energy production and nuclear technology.

    • This discussion was modified 1 year ago by  Sri.
    Ekamjot replied 1 year ago 2 Members · 2 Replies
  • 2 Replies
  • Sri

    Member
    June 18, 2023 at 12:30 pm
    Helpful
    Up
    1
    Down
    Not Helpful
    ::

    Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion are both processes that involve the release of energy from atoms, but they are fundamentally different.

    Nuclear fission is the process of splitting the nucleus of an atom into two smaller nuclei, usually by bombarding it with a neutron. This process releases a large amount of energy and additional neutrons, which can initiate a chain reaction. Fission is used in nuclear power plants and atomic bombs.

    Nuclear fusion, on the other hand, is the process of combining two light atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus. This process occurs at extremely high temperatures and pressures, such as those found in the core of the Sun. Fusion releases even more energy than fission and does not produce long-lived radioactive waste. Scientists are working on developing controlled fusion as a potential future source of clean and abundant energy.

    Both fission and fusion are significant in terms of energy production and have different applications and implications in the field of science and technology

  • Ekamjot

    Member
    June 20, 2023 at 1:58 pm
    Helpful
    Up
    0
    Down
    Not Helpful
    ::

    When a neutron collides with a larger atom, it excites it and splits it into two smaller atoms known as fission products. Additional neutrons are released, potentially triggering a chain reaction. When an atom splits, a tremendous amount of energy is released.Uranium and plutonium are the most commonly used fission fuels in nuclear power reactors because they are easy to initiate and control. In these reactors, the fission energy released heats water into steam. Steam is used to spin a turbine in order to generate carbon-free electricity.

    When two atoms collide, they fuse to form a heavier atom, such as when two hydrogen atoms fuse to form one helium atom. This is the same process that powers the sun and generates enormous amounts of energy—many times more than fission. It also does not produce fission products that are highly radioactive. Scientists are studying fusion reactions, but they are difficult to sustain for long periods of time due to the enormous amount of pressure and temperature required to join the nuclei together.


For Worksheets & PrintablesJoin Now
+