The Anglo-Zanzibar War (August 27, 1896) was a brief conflict between the British Empire and to the East African Island Sultanate of Zanzibar. After the death of the previous sultan of Zanzibar, Prince Khalid bin Bargash, refused to choose the heirs to the British Empire, and occupied the palace of the sultan asked the imperial cruisers to open fire on their positions. The war lasted for over 40 minutes, on the grounds that it is the shortest war in history.
At the end of the 19th century, England was extending its influence to the East of Africa in general and Tanzania in particular. While Sayyid Said bin Sultan increased the territorial possession of the island of Zanzibar, and the world trade in the first half of the year, and his successor, Bargash had to leave for the states to split their property between the british and the Germans, after the sultan, for him, for example. In 1890, the united kingdom, persuaded russia to leave its connected to Germany, which will make it is to become a protectorate of the British Empire. The united kingdom agreed to the retention of the sultanate, as an institution, however, stressed that The authority was nominal.
Including the Odigitria of the island of Zanzibar, the united kingdom is defined, the two main political goal: the abolition of slavery, and the restoration of free trade, the island’s economy. On economic policy, the consul-general Gerald Portal, angered the Zanzibar traders, but more so that they were tired of the politics of the slave trade, which was an integral part of their lives, and because of the spice plantations grew in the 19th century. Said Ali bin Said, to receive the united kingdom’s decision until his death in 1893, and when it came time to choose his successor, and England, and expressed the hope that the next sultan’s going to be more submissive to the imperial authority. British claimants to the throne, supported, sheikh Hamad bin Tuwain. However, it is an obstacle, Prince Khalid bin Bargash, occupied the palace of the answer; he is his claim that he was a late-Bargash son ignored, and after the Bargash’s death, even though the island of Zanzibar variety of laws, the name of the sultan is inherited. The British authorities managed to convince the Khalid retreat with sheikh Hamad, who is the undisputed sultan.