One of the oldest and the most famous tourist attractions in India is the Qutb Minar, built in 1193. It’s a tower, with a height of 73 meters, is the tallest stone minaret in the world and the second tallest minaret in India after Fateh Burj (100 meters). Qutb Minar is a five-story tower, with a diameter of 14.32 m, contains 379 stairs to reach the summit, with a diameter of about 2.75 m. The minaret has five floors, is surrounded by a projecting balcony of the tower.
Qutb Minar, it was modeled after the Presidential Visit to Afghanistan, so that the Afghani and the Indo-Islamic architecture can be seen in the tower of the building. Qutb Minar, is decorated with intricate carvings of the verses from the holy Qur’an on the walls. The tower is surrounded by a lush garden, which is located in the Qutb Humor in General is complex, Mehrauli district of New Delhi, along with a number of ruins and historic landmarks, which are also present in the complex. The first mosque to be built in India, Kuwwat-ul-Islam mosque, which is located in the north-eastern side of the Qutub Minar was built in 1198.
The reason for the construction of the Qutub Minar, the victory of the Ghurid emperor of Qutub-ud-Din Aibek, over the last Indian ruler Prithviraj Chauhan of Delhi. Qutb-ud-Din Aibek, is also the founder of ?????????? For the Sultanate, and their victory marked the beginning of Muslim rule in India, in this regard, Qutb Minar was named the “Victory Tower”.
Previously, the estate is comprised of 27 Hindu and Instagram temples, which were destroyed by Qutub-ud-Din Aibek, after he took the throne. Qutb-ud-Din Aibek, began construction of the Qutb minar’s use of the mu’azzin (trailer), for the call to prayer, but it was only with the construction of the basement, and increasing the level of the first floor of the tower. His son-in-law, and successor, Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish, the construction industry, and was a three-story tower. For this purpose, the tower is constructed of red sandstone and marble, etc.
A light-incident destroyed the top floor, and it was Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who took over the responsibility for the rehabilitation of it, in 1368, and added a two-story, white-stone-and-marble. After that, he built a dome peak is a dome) on the fifth floor of a building, that is, the last floor of the tower. However, in 1802, the cupola collapsed due to an earthquake, the tower was damaged. It was made by Major R. Smith of the Royal Engineers of the British Empire), which was rebuilt Qutub Minar, and I replaced the top position of the cupola with a Bengali “Chattri”, in 1823. In 1993, UNESCO’s list of the Qutb Minar as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in India.