Activity › Discussion › Environment › What is environmental pollution? How are they caused? › Reply To: What is environmental pollution? How are they caused?
AparajitaMemberMay 12, 2021 at 9:07 am::
Pollution, also known as environmental pollution, is addition of any type of substance [like solid, liquid or gas] or any form of energy [such as heat, sound, or radioactivity] to the environment such that it can exist in a harmful form. Among the various types of pollutions, land pollution, water pollution and air pollution are few that are directly related to our environment. However, pollution of all kinds can have negative effects on the environment and wildlife and can also have major impact on human health and well-being.
Here is a brief explanation on how is this pollution caused and how we can make an attempt on controlling it:
The problem of environmental pollution that we face today is a consequence of various correlated actors. There are clearly many divergent and conflicting views on what exactly could be the reason behind such massive crisis. Some of them are as follows:
1. Population growth
Increased population growth is not just a factor for human problems; it equally damages the environment massively. More number of people means more usage of resources. Since there is control over the population, resources are exploited.
2. Agricultural development and Industrial development
The agricultural development effects the environment in various ways like- through application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, making changes in biological communities, extensive extraction of resources from the ground and also expanding irrigation to more and more surface apps.
Rapid rate of industrialization results in over exploitation of natural resources in order obtain more industrial outcome.
3. Unplanned urbanization
The unplanned urbanization has indeed deteriorated both urban as well as rural areas significantly. Urban areas suffer with problems like lack of water supply, over crowdedness, congestion and lack of sanitation. Most of the cities lack sewage systems. Waste produced is not equally managed well.
It is true that poverty can cause damage to the environment. Due to lack of money, people are helplessly forced to make use of the natural resources for their basic necessities and survival [like food, shelter, etc.] Necessary steps must be taken to bring the poor people above poverty line for betterment of the current scenario.
The presence of environmental pollution raises the issue of pollution control. Great efforts are made to limit the release of harmful substances into the environment through air pollution control, waste water treatment, solid-waste management, hazardous waste management, and recycling. Unfortunately, attempts at pollution control are often surpassed by the scale of the problem, especially in less-developed countries.
I hope this answer helps!😊