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MemberMay 15, 2021 at 12:13 am::
Quit India Movement also known as leave India Movement or the August movement was a civil disobedience movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi In 1942.
The quit India movement or “bharat choro andolan” was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 9 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India. This movement movement placed the the demand of complete Independence at the top of the agenda of freedom movement. Even though the Britishers said that Independence could only be granted after the war but this moment drove to this point that India could not be ruled without the support of the masses.
On 7 to 8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee met in Bombay and voted in favour of the ‘Quit India’ resolution. Gandhi called for ‘Do or Die’. The next day, on 9 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi along with the members of the Congress Working Committee and other Congress leaders were arrested by the British Government under the Defence of India Rules. The Working Committee, the All India Congress Committee and the four Provincial Congress Committees were declared unlawful associations under the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 1908. The assembly of public meetings were prohibited under rule of the Defence of India Rules. The arrest of Gandhi and the Congress leaders led to mass demonstrations throughout India.People protested in large numbers and demanded “poorna swaraj” or complete freedom. Thousands were killed and injured in the wake of the ‘Quit India’ movement. Strikes were called in many places. The British swiftly suppressed many of these demonstrations by mass detentions; more than 100,000 people were imprisoned.
The ‘Quit India’ movement, more than anything, united the Indian people against British rule. Although most demonstrations had been suppressed by 1944, upon his release in 1944 Gandhi continued his resistance and went on a 21-day fast. By the end of the Second World War, Britain’s place in the world had changed dramatically and the demand for independence could no longer be ignored.
The Quit India Movement acted as a binding source for the Indian masses and the Indian masses United against the foreign rule . The Quit India Movement had a great impact and was significant in many ways as the masses lead the protest in the absence of their leader Gandhiji. People were ready to do or die for their country and its freedom. Patriotism was the new flavour of the Indian soil. People gathered in large groups and demonstrated against the British rule and all this led to the freedom of India from the shackles of the British rule.