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NehalMemberMay 25, 2021 at 10:11 pm::
Anglo Maratha War (1775-1782)
• The third Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao died in 1761 because of stun after his loss at the Third Battle of Panipat.
• His child Madhavrao I succeeded him. Madhavrao I had the option to recuperate a portion of the Maratha force and domains which they had lost in the Battle of Panipat.
• The English knew about the developing Maratha power.
• When Madhavrao I passed away, the Marathas looked for a powerful leader amongst themselves.
• His sibling Narayanrao turned into the Peshwa however his uncle Raghunathrao needed to turn into the Peshwa. For this, he looked for the assistance of the English
• So, the Treaty of Surat in 1775 was endorsed by which Raghunathrao surrendered Salsette and Bassein to the English and consequently he was given 2500 fighters.
• The British and multitude of Raghunathrao assaulted and the Peshwa and won.
• The British Calcutta Council under Warren Hastings repealed this arrangement and another settlement, the Treaty of Purandhar was endorsed in 1776 between the Calcutta Council and Nana Phadnavis, a Maratha serve.
• Accordingly, Raghunathrao was given an annuity just and Salsette was held by the British.
• But the British foundation at Bombay abused this settlement and protected Raghunathrao.
• In 1777, Nana Phadnavis conflicted with his deal with the Calcutta Council and was allowed a port on the west coast to the French.
• This drove the British to propel a power towards Pune. There was a fight at Wadgaon close to Pune in which the Marathas under Mahadji Shinde got a conclusive triumph over the English.
• The English had to sign the Treaty of Wadgaon in 1779.
• There was a progression of fights toward the finish of which the Treaty of Salbai was endorsed in 1782. This finished the principal Anglo-Maratha war.
After-effects of the war
• The East India Company held Salsette and Broach.
• It additionally got an assurance from the Marathas that they would retake their assets in the Deccan from Hyder Ali of Mysore.
• The Marathas additionally guaranteed that they would not give additional regions to the French.
• Raghunathrao was to get an annuity of Rs.3 lakh consistently.
• All domains taken by the British after the Treaty of Purandhar were surrendered back to the Marathas.
• The English acknowledged Madhavrao II (child of Narayanrao) as the Peshwa.